Articles of History

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Passing through Belascoain

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In 1850 the urbanization of Havana reached the Calzada de Galiano, with which the total urbanized area reached about four square kilometers and the population was around 140,000 inhabitants. This development continued uninterruptedly towards the West and already in 1870 it surpassed the Calzada de Belascoaín, with an area of ​​seven square kilometers and some 170,000 inhabitants. The capital was then enclosed between the Chávez River, the sea and Belascoaín, and for a definitive Havanan like Manuel Sanguily, everything that was beyond that road was simply “the countryside”.

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Restored Martí canvas damaged by the Saratoga explosion

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After more than two months of intense work in the easel painting restoration workshop of the Office of the City Historian, the canvas of the Apostle that presided over the lobby of the Martí Theater has recovered its original appearance and is ready to be be displayed. This was one of the works that were damaged by the shock wave of the explosion that occurred on May 6 at the Hotel Saratoga. The piece, by Cuban painter Miguel Díaz Salinero (1874-1944).

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Cuban loves of Agustín Lara

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The year is 1932 and Agustín Lara begins a frantic race towards fame. He makes his first international tour on that date. In Paris he snatches the French and one of his compositions, Farolito, becomes a fashionable tune there. It is around that time that he makes his first trip to the Cuban capital, in the company of Pedro Vargas and Ana María Fernández. He returns in May 1939 and then makes a profession of love for Cuba. He declares: “I was returning from France… Havana opened its arms to me… and I was not ungrateful.

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Thanks to Fidel and Vilma, for the women that we are

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They say that before Fidel, before 1959, Cuban women – like those of almost the whole world – were at best: an ornament in the home, and at worst: a servant with a load of domestic work not paid; transparent, anonymous, whose opinion on political or social issues was not considered. They say that they were obliged to have all their children procreated, because between the precepts of religions and the cost of an interruption of pregnancy, not even thinking about an abortion.

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Eternal, like the stones of Havana

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Two years have passed since Havana woke up feeling sad, lonely. The headlines announced the death of Eusebio Leal. But how can someone who filled with life and raised from the dust not a person or a street, but an entire city, die?. “Death is not true when the work of life has been well accomplished.” The words of Cuba’s National Hero José Martí can be said about so many great men and women, but they mold around Leal as if they werewritten for him.

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The moral universe of a hero

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On the occasion of the 126th anniversary of José Martí’s death in combat, composer Israel Rojas agreed to speak with Granma about Cuba´s national hero, displaying the sensitivity fitting the conversational context of an everyday citizen of our times, like those in the song “Todo el mundo cuenta,” (Everyone counts) by the duo Buena Fe.

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Cuba for Vilma, on a clear mountain morning

Servando Cabrera

Second Front, Santiago de Cuba –On a clear morning, rarely seen here, where mist usually covers the hills at daybreak, flowers arrived for Vilma Espin, from her partner in war and life, Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, first secretary of the Party Central Committee, on the 91st anniversary of the heroine’s birth, yesterday April 7.

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The First Congress, like another Revolution

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The holding of the First Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, 45 years ago, represented a landmark in the history of the political organization. The Central Report, Programmatic Platform, Theses and Resolutions, and the two closing speeches delivered by Fidel in the Karl Marx Theater and the Plaza de la Revolución, constitute documents of undeniable relevance today.

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From Martí to Fidel: A party to unite

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Persuade, bring together, mobilize, educate have always been the order of the day in Cuba’s liberation struggle, and to concretize them, a unifying force was indispensable: a party. Dispersion, regionalism, the double-edged contamination of inconsistencies and intrigues deeply wounded colonial Cuba. A cure was urgently needed, more tears avoided. Cuba had to be saved.

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I have the floor

Fidel Castro Partido

During the 60th year of its existence, Uneac continues to not only dialogue with established writers and artists, but continues, as well, to decentralize important artistic and literary events and include in this open, revolutionary debate even the most modest in communities across the island. When the Union of Cuban Writers and Artists (Uneac) was founded on August 22, 1961.