Articles of History

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Two heroes deeply rooted in Cuban character

Maceo estatua

Born on the same date, although 83 years apart, Antonio Maceo and Ernesto Che Guevara eloquently represent fundamental characteristics of Cubans’ quest to reach our dreams. On the 175th anniversary of the Bronze Titan’s birth, and the 92nd of the heroic guerilla’s, the President of the Republic of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, recalled on his Twitter account: “Maceo and Che are always present in our daily struggle, in our conquests, in our aspirations as a nation, in our commitment to solidarity, in our patriotism.”

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Best wishes for Raúl

Raul cumple

On the occasion of his 89th birthday, yesterday June 3, Army General Raul Castro Ruz, first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee, received many greetings. Cuba’s President of the Republic Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez tweeted, “Congratulations for his 89th birthday to our Army General, Hero of the Republic of Cuba, a fundamental protagonist in the Revolution and contemporary history.”

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Cuba salutes the peoples of Africa

Africa anafidelia

The President of the National Assembly of People’s Power, Esteban Lazo Hernández, sent a message of congratulations to African peoples, on behalf of all Cuban legislators, on the occasion of Africa Day, May 25. The message emphasized that the date is “as significant for that continent as it is for Cuba, because of the deep ties that unite us” and reaffirms that “African heritage is a fundamental part of our culture, our beliefs and our customs.”

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Long live the friendship between Africa and Cuba!

cartel dia africa

Since the historical revolution of 1959 that brought to power the socialist government of the Republic of Cuba under the able leadership of Comandante Fidel Castro Ruz, Cuba has been a true friend of the continent of Africa. Cuba assisted the continent to fight remnants of colonial administrations in Africa, the struggle that Africa will never forget. Cuba has also, always stood with all oppressed people of the world in their quest to free themselves, from all forms of marginalisation and oppression.

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Our guide toward the good of all

Marti pintura

The First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba’s Central Committee, Army General Raul Castro Ruz, and the President of the Republic, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, sent tributes yesterday, May 19, to José Martí, whose fruitful life, 125 years after his glorious death in combat, continues to guide a Revolution “with all and for the good of all.” Just as the sun touched the tomb covered by a Cuban flag that holds the Apostle’s remains, in the city’s Santa Ifigenia Cemetery, floral wreaths to honor our national hero were deposited, in the names of Raúl and Díaz-Canel, by Lázaro Expósito Canto.

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Martí, always a leader, the Teacher, the Apostle

Marti inmigrantge eeuu

Marti inmigrantge eeuuSurely no one thought of death in the Dos Rios camp on that busy morning of May 19, 1895. It is likely that the night before Martí interrupted the letter he was writing to Manuel Mercado when Bartolomé Masó arrived with his cavalry troops from Manzanilllo, who then continued on to the Vuelta Grande camp to give the horses a rest. That is why, very early, before going to La Vuelta Grande, Martí wrote what would be his last text: a note to Máximo Gómez informing him of Masó’s arrival.

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Solemn silence and living strength

niño pntura marti

The mausoleum that honors the Apostle, Cuban’s national hero, José Martí, in Santiago, preserves the solemn silence of the scrub, in the hours following his death, on May 19, 1895. Today it is only interrupted by the chords of the elegy to José Martí, composed by Comandante de la Revolución Juan Almeida Bosque. His remains are guarded tirelessly by an honor guard, with white flowers never missing and the Cuban flag resting on his tomb which is touched by the sun throughout the day.

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“The doors to the civil struggle are closed to me, the time has come to take our rights, not ask for them…”

Fidel Presidio Modelo

This May 15 marks the 65th anniversary of Fidel and his fellow Moncada prisoners release from the Model Prison on Isle of Pines. Cubans had been awaiting the day since of the Amnesty Law was approved, an undeniable victory for the people, which, however, had a “hook” that suited the regime. Fidel’s political imprisonment had its antecedent in the Moncada trial, during which the revolutionary leader himself, in his capacity as both defendant and prosecutor.

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A new era in world history


On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilich Lenin, Granma shares several quotes from the Russian revolutionary’s seminal works: We have created a Soviet type of state and by that we have ushered in a new era in world history, the era of the political rule of the proletariat, which is to supersede the era of bourgeois rule. (Notes of a Publicist). Without revolutionary theory there can be no revolutionary movement .

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Only socialism will save humanity

Canel Lenin

On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, in a message to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba reiterated its unity with “all revolutionaries of the world” in reverently honoring the memory of the leader of the legendary October socialist revolution in Russia. The text begins the fraternal greeting with the words of Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz: “It must be said that Lenin’s thought has had a great influence on the Cuban revolutionary process.