Egypt proposed that the UNESCO Convention includes the total theft of the historic heritage of the Arab countries, it was released during the conference on Cultural Property that ended today here.
The text establishes the return of the relics stolen and smuggling shipped to museums and private collections since 1970, leaving out the pieces stolen during the European colonial phase as of the end of World War I in 1917.
Among the most notorious cases of cultural dispossession is the Ichtar Gate, also known as of Babylon, and exhibited at the Pergamum Museum in Berlin, capital of Germany.
The gate was one of the eight to the inner of that famous city, located about 95 kilometers south of Baghdad, the current Iraqi capital, has 14 meters high and 10 meters wide, and give access to the Markut Temple, the patrol deity from Mesopotamia.
One of the few remaining original monuments in the city, where the famous Hanging Gardens, one of the wonders of the ancient world, were located, is the basalt lion, a symbol of power, whose weight prevented move it and is in the place as a silent witness of dispossession.
The Iraqi cultural heritage was plundered again during the U.S.-led coalition military invasion in 2003, followed by a military occupation of a decade.
About 10 Arab countries, UNESCO Director-General, Bulgarian Irina Bokova, delegates from Non-Governmental Organizations, the Antiquities Coalition, and the Middle East Institute sponsored by the Ministry of Antiquities, attended the conference.